Farm Management Deposits a useful tool if used well


WITH drought, fire and floods ravaging the rural sector, the annual income of an individual farmer can vary significantly from year to year.

In an effort to take some of the pain out of inconsistent cashflows, the Federal Government introduced Farm Management Deposits (FMDs).

They are used to help farmers ease their tax burden and free up funds for when they’re needed most by deferring income from a good year to a future financial year of lower cash flow.

So, are FMDs friend or foe?

Like all agricultural taxation incentives, it’s important to understand the conditions imposed and how best to make them work for you to obtain maximum tax minimisation.

Farmers can deposit money into the FMD account, which is a commercial product offered by financial institutions.  The money can then be held in the account until it is required to be used in the business.

If used correctly, the FMD results in an immediate tax deduction at the time of deposit, before becoming assessable income at the time the money is withdrawn:

To take advantage of the FMD incentive, applicants must be an individual primary producer. That means money can only be deposited into an FMD in an individual farmer’s name, however note this is inclusive of partners within partnerships or entitled beneficiaries of trusts deriving primary production income.

FDM funds cannot be jointly deposited by two or more people or made on behalf of two or more people. The only exemption to this aspect is that trustees can deposit funds on behalf of entitled beneficiaries with a legal impairment such as a minor.

FMDs cannot be deposited by a farm company, partnership or trust in their own right.

When claiming an FMD, the deposit amount is an important consideration. To make an FMD, the individual must have less than $100,000 in non-primary production income and cannot hold more than a total of $800,000 in FMDs per individual.

If an individual had a taxable primary production income of $100,000 and cash in the bank of $200,000, the maximum deductable amount of FMDs would be limited to the $100,000. That means there would be no tax advantage of depositing more than the $100,000 taxable income limit.

It is also worth noting that FMDs must be held in the account for more than 12 months and cannot be retrospectively claimed. FMDs are only considered tax deductable in the financial year the deposit is made, so all claims must be put in prior to June 30 on any given year.

There are a couple of exemptions to these rules:

  • The FMD owner dies or becomes bankrupt;
  • The FMD owner ceases to carry on a primary production business for 120 days or more;
  • Situations of severe rainfall deficiency; or
  • Receipt of assistance following an applicable natural disaster.

If one of the above exemptions is met, the deduction is allowed within the 12-month window, and the withdrawal of the funds is considered assessable income.

One of the most commonly used exemptions is from farmer’s who have ceased to carry on their primary production business for 120 days or more. When this is the case, holding FMD is no longer allowed and they must be withdrawn as assessable income.

This is important to remember when considering restructuring or succession planning, as existing FMDs may not be allowed to continue and could result in all current FMDs being withdrawn and subsequently assessable.

Also important to consider is the use of FMDs in conjunction with working capital. As previously mentioned, the FMD has to be held for 12 months to receive the deduction, therefore the business will need to function without that cash available if an FMD is made.

It is also worth noting that interest derived from holding the FMD is attributed to the FMD owner. This interest earning is to be recorded as assessable income and it is not considered primary production income. Interest amounts gained from funds held in an FMD may be used to offset interest against other loans or debt that wholly relates to the primary production business of an FMD holder, provided the following conditions are met:

  • The FMD account is linked to the loan account through an offset arrangement that is offered by the FMD provider;
  • The FMD holder conducts their primary production business as either a sole trader or in partnership; and
  • The account being offset (the debt or loan) relates wholly to their primary production business.

The above offset facility offers a potential benefit; however, you may have to shop around as not all financial institutions offer this facility.

For those looking to utilise an FMD, it’s important to look at the big picture with your trusted advisor so you can weigh up all of the options before locking yourself in.

More information about the Farm Management Deposits Scheme is available here from the Australian Government’s Department of Agriculture and Water Resources website.


About the Author:

 Clancy Cox is a fourth-generation cattle farmer from the Cox and Atkinson lineages. His great-grandfather Monty Atkinson was instrumental in developing the droughtmaster herd which is still incorporated in the family operation today. Clancy was born and raised on “Glensfield Station,” a cattle station 45km west of Mackay. The family operation runs 10,000 head of cattle for breeding and fattening across three properties.

Clancy has a unique understanding of the agribusiness sector, combining his involvement in the family operation with skills he has developed as a Senior Accountant at PVW Partners.

Clancy is passionate about growing regional Australia.


Information provided in the article is of a general nature and is intended for informative purposes only. It does not take into account personal financial circumstances. Tailored professional advice should be sought before acting on any of the information contained above.    


Reef regulations - grazing, standard conditions

  1. For land in good or fair condition (more than 50 per cent ground cover at 30 September), continue using measures to maintain land condition.
  2. For land in poor condition (less than 50 per cent ground cover at 30 September), steps must be taken to improve land condition.
  3. For land in degraded condition (less than 20 per cent ground cover at 30 September), steps must be taken to improve land condition OR prevent areas from further degrading or expanding.
  4. Keep records of measures taken and also of agricultural chemicals, fertiliser and mill mud or mill ash applied to land.
KEQ #8

KEQ #7
KEQ #6

KEQ #5

KEQ #4

The LDC project monitors four gully sites (represented in this table) with gold standard equipment and analysis, carried out by CSIRO.

Results have been compiled in a preliminary report from Bartley et al (2020), with the final report expected to be released by the end of 2020. The preliminary report shows all four sites have indicators of improvements, notably the Strathbogie and Mt Wickham sites.

KEQ #3

*The Exploring New Incentives activity area has provided an opportunity for graziers to adopt improved land management practices through a range of activities. For some of these properties, it was the first time they signed contracts for on-ground works.

KEQ #1

Figure 1. Total fine sediment reduction by project type and erosion source. Inset shows the proportion of the total project area for each project type.

These estimates have been calculated using two methods: 

1) The pollutant reduction component of the Alluvium/Great Barrier Reef Foundation (GBRF) investment tool for hillslope and streambank erosion management projects; 

2) The Reef Trust Gully Toolbox method for gully erosion management projects. The LDC Water Quality Report 2020 (Waterhouse et al., 2020) highlights that a number of assumptions underlay these calculations, therefore these figures should be treated as the best available estimate of sediment reductions to date.

Preventing sediment from reaching the Great Barrier Reef

Each wet season sediment is washed into local waterways and out to the Great Barrier Reef (GBR). 

Most sediment is very fine, and can stay suspended for a long time and can travel great distances. Valuable topsoil is lost from production, and increased concentrations on the reef can be harmful to seagrasses and corals. 

Landholders in the BBB have completed 69 on-ground water quality practice changes, and it is estimated that these have contributed a fine sediment reduction of 6,154 tonnes per year from reaching the GBR. 

Of this, approximately half of the sediment savings are attributable to grazing land management changes on hillslopes and streambanks, and the other half as a result of gully remediation treatments across a broad range of scales, as shown in the graphs above. 

The table below also highlights the relatively small area of intervention in the gully management projects compared to the large sediment savings that these can achieve - 60 per cent of the sediment savings over only 4 per cent of the project area.

Table 1. Estimated sediment reductions (tonnes) from projects completed in the LDC Project to date.

KEQ #2

*GLMWW = Grazing Land Management Wire and Water

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